Pasta 101: Cooking Perfect Pasta Every Time
Cooking pasta is as easy as boiling water, but cooking pasta correctly is about paying attention to detail. You can help your pasta dish to be its best by knowing a few of the hows and whys of cooking pasta.
For a closer look, check out:
VIDEO: How to Cook Pasta with Giuliana
EIGHT STEPS TO PERFECT PASTA
- For every one pound of pasta, bring 5 quarts of water to a rolling boil. Once water is boiling, then add about 2 tbsp. of coarse salt, or 1/4 cup table salt.
- Stir to keep the pasta from sticking. Stir within the first 2 minutes of cooking pasta. The pasta is more likely to stick together, in the beginning, before the starches are released into the water.
- Place the lid back on the pot to help bring the water back to a boil. This is an essential moment, because if you don't, the pasta will be sitting in hot water, resulting in mushy pasta.
- Once the pot is boiling again, remove the lid for the remaining cook time to prevent the pasta from boiling over. This is where you need to actually stand there and watch the pot.
- Follow the package directions for cook times. As a general guideline: perfectly cooked pasta that is "al dente," or firm to the bite, yet cooked through, requires you to test it yourself when the time is close. You may need to test the pasta 2 or 3 times before it’s just right.
- Once your pasta is ready, turn off the heat and scoop out 1 cup of pasta cooking water. Reserved pasta water contains essential starch that can be used later to adjust the consistency of your sauce, from thickening it to thinning it. This soupy looking water you used to throw down the drain is actually a miracle ingredient!
- Quickly drain the pasta into a colander in the sink. Do no rinse the pasta. Not only is the starch in the water is what helps the sauce adhere to your pasta, but rinsing will cool the pasta and prevent absorption of your sauce. The only time you should ever rinse your pasta is when you are going to use it in a cold dish like a pasta salad. In cases such as those, rinsing the pasta helps to stop the cooking process.
- Toss pasta in a warmed saucepan with your prepared sauce. You don’t want to drain the pasta all that well, you want your pasta to be loosely drained, still retaining some pasta water. Cook together for about 2 minutes.
FAQ: COMMON QUESTIONS
A. Do you really need this much water? Well, if you're only boiling a small amount of pasta (less than half a pound), you don't need so much, but a generous pot of rapidly boiling water is necessary for several reasons: it comes back to a boil faster when you add the pasta which is critical; it makes it easier to submerge long cuts of pasta like spaghetti; and it helps to reduce sticking by giving the pasta enough room to move around. If you experience sticking pasta, it’s probably because you are not using enough water.
B. My water is just barely boiling, not rapidly. Can I save some time and place the pasta in now? Adding the pasta to not rapidly boiling water will actually increase your overall cook time and cause your pasta to sit in the water longer. You will end up with pasta that has absorbed too much water with a mushy texture. Be patient and wait for a rapid boil; it'll pay off.
C. Salt? Can’t I just salt my pasta after I cook it? It’s necessary that you salt the water before adding the pasta so that the pasta can absorb the salted water while cooking and retain flavor. A little salt in the pasta water can go a long way, adding flavor to your final dish. Once the pasta is cooked, you have lost your chance to season the pasta.
D. Can't I just add oil so the pasta doesn't stick? While this can prevent sticking, it is not a good idea. Pasta that is cooked in oily water will become oily itself and, as a result, the sauce slides off, doesn't get absorbed and you end up with flavorless pasta.
Reserve Pasta Water. After pasta has cooked, reserve a cup of pasta water before you drain the pasta. Reserved pasta water contains essential starch that can be used later to adjust the consistency of your sauce, from thickening it to thinning it. Reserved pasta water is also a good way to stretch your sauce, if you are running short.
When It's Done. As you get close to the end of your estimated cooking time, taste the pasta. If it is done, it should have a nice al dente bite and taste like pasta. If it is undercooked, it will have a stiff and chalky core; overcooked, and your noodles will be limp and soggy. Note that once you decide the pasta is done, it will take you several seconds to turn off the burner, lift the pot and pour the contents into the colander. During this time, the pasta continues to cook, so begin testing for doneness 2-3 minutes before the end of the suggested cooking time.
NO Rinsing. Pasta should never, ever be rinsed. The starch in the water is what helps the sauce of your choice adhere to your pasta. The only time you should ever rinse your pasta is when you are going to use it in a cold dish like a pasta salad or when you are not going to use it immediately. In cases such as those, rinsing the pasta helps to stop the cooking process. Drain well before storing.